How to combine search terms
It won't work if you enter search terms randomly. If you want to find specific information about your subject, you must combine search terms.
You can do this in four ways:
- with Boolean operators
- with truncation marks
- with an exact word combination
- by choosing search fields
You can search with AND, OR or NOT
social AND media
social OR media
social NOT media
Combine search terms
If you combine several Boolean operators, use brackets. The search terms between brackets get priority and the search remains organised.
Brackets indicate which words belong together; often these are words that have similar meaning or are strongly related, for example synonyms, singular/plural.
An example: (campsites OR hotels) AND Andorra.
With truncation you search different word variations in one go. This can be at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a word.
For truncation, the * (asterisk) or the ? (question mark) is quite commonly used.
|lead*||leader, leadership, leading (but also lead as a metal!)|
|Jan*en||Jansen, Janssen, Janszen|
Exact word combination
By putting multiple search terms in double quotes, you ensure that a search engine only displays results with that exact sequence of words.
For example: "how do you recognize fake news" or "domestic violence".
Choose search fields
In search engines such as Kaluga or Google you can opt for Advanced search. Before starting your search, choose in which fields to search.
Examples are title, author, keywords, summary, ISBN, and so on.